Difference between revisions of "USB demo/installer"

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==For General Users==
 
==Getting Technical ==
 
==Getting Technical ==
 
=== rEFInd ===
 
=== rEFInd ===
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The product is available from:
 
The product is available from:
[USB-image,http://sourceforge.net/projects/refind/files/0.12.0/refind-flashdrive-0.12.0.zip/download]
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[http://sourceforge.net/projects/refind/files/0.12.0/refind-flashdrive-0.12.0.zip/download USB-image]
   
 
*(caution) insert USB media and run "lsblk" to ascertain it's drive letter - sd(x)
 
*(caution) insert USB media and run "lsblk" to ascertain it's drive letter - sd(x)
 
**getting this wrong can result in the existing OS being overwritten
 
**getting this wrong can result in the existing OS being overwritten
*(advisable) clear the USB drive - "dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/sd<your drive USB letter>
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*(advisable) clear the USB drive - "dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/sd<your drive USB letter> bs=1M count=8"
*unzip <refind...zip> | dd of=/dev/sd<your drive letter> bs=4M
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*unzip <refind...zip>
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*dd if=refind-flashdrive-<.n.n.n>.img of=/dev/sd<your USB drive letter> bs=4M
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**test boot this on any UEFI computer
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***it should display pretty icons - including one for "shutdown"
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***if not, have you disabled "CSM" & "secure-boot", in UEFI ? (essential)
  +
*return the USB device to a booted Linux computer
  +
*use GParted (preferably) to create additional partitions, one for each distribution ISO
  +
**oversize each partition a little, to allow for later releases being larger
  +
**format each partition to (preferably) "unformatted"
  +
**give each partition both "label" and "name" relevant to the distro ISO to be placed there
  +
*copy one disto ISO to its relevant partition:
  +
*"dd if=<required-distro.iso> of=/dev/sd<your USB drive letter><partition-number> bs=4M"
  +
**test boot this on any UEFI computer
  +
*as required, copy additional ISO, to separate partitions
  +
*for more detailed guides, see:
  +
[https://www.rodsbooks.com/refind/ RodsBooks site]

Latest revision as of 11:26, 3 October 2021

For General Users

Getting Technical

rEFInd

This very flexible product has three prerequisites:

  • computer having modern, UEFI, firmware
  • user having modicum of command line skill
  • USB flash media, of at least 8 GB (USB3 preferred)

The product is available from: USB-image

  • (caution) insert USB media and run "lsblk" to ascertain it's drive letter - sd(x)
    • getting this wrong can result in the existing OS being overwritten
  • (advisable) clear the USB drive - "dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/sd<your drive USB letter> bs=1M count=8"
  • unzip <refind...zip>
  • dd if=refind-flashdrive-<.n.n.n>.img of=/dev/sd<your USB drive letter> bs=4M
    • test boot this on any UEFI computer
      • it should display pretty icons - including one for "shutdown"
      • if not, have you disabled "CSM" & "secure-boot", in UEFI ? (essential)
  • return the USB device to a booted Linux computer
  • use GParted (preferably) to create additional partitions, one for each distribution ISO
    • oversize each partition a little, to allow for later releases being larger
    • format each partition to (preferably) "unformatted"
    • give each partition both "label" and "name" relevant to the distro ISO to be placed there
  • copy one disto ISO to its relevant partition:
  • "dd if=<required-distro.iso> of=/dev/sd<your USB drive letter><partition-number> bs=4M"
    • test boot this on any UEFI computer
  • as required, copy additional ISO, to separate partitions
  • for more detailed guides, see:

RodsBooks site